Organised by: Dr Mark Hampton (School of Anthropology and Conservation and Kent Business School) with a local organising committee based in Yogyakarta.

Background

Recent natural disasters in South-East Asia (e.g. 2018’s Sulawesi tsunami and earthquake) and increasingly powerful tropical storms (e.g. 2018’s Super Typhoon Mangkhut in the Philippines) caused major structural damage and large-scale human suffering in coastal areas. The tropical littoral is where tourism, especially international tourism, is highly concentrated and accounts for significant employment and local livelihoods, and has major economic linkages to other sectors through the supply chain (Hampton et al., 2018). However, coastal tourism-dependent communities in this region – in effect millions of people – are highly vulnerable to both natural and also human-originated hazards and shocks (terrorism, political instability etc.), and this vulnerability constrains sustainable development from tourism, and specifically impedes effective poverty alleviation in the host communities. This international expert workshop interrogated the terms of this vulnerability in South-East Asia and in doing so, created a new community of practice comprising key stakeholders from academia, government policy-makers, NGOs and the private sector.

Workshop details

The workshop was held at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia over 25-27 April 2019 with 30 participants from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and the UK. Participants came from national and regional government, environmental NGOs, the tourism industry and from leading universities in the region including tourism planners, disaster specialists, geographers and green architects.

The programme was headlined each day by keynotes from specialists at three leading research universities in South-East Asia that are all international partners with Kent. Professor Amran Hamzah (University Teknologi Malaysia) gave an overview of coastal tourism and resilience; Professor Muh Aris Marfai (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia) presented the technical and geological aspects of coastal disasters; and Dr Kannapa Pongponrat (Thammasat University, Thailand) discussed lessons learnt from the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami.

Other sessions introduced participants in a form of speed networking, which then led to break out groups discussing the ‘big 5’ research gaps in their specialist areas/organisations, a modified Delphi process to reduce the main research questions to an agreed list; poster presentations and a final legacy session where future research funding was discussed and interim recommendations drawn up for the Indonesian context. In addition, on Day 2, there was a field visit to a tsunami shelter on Java’s south coast to observe an evacuation exercise conducted by local government, emergency services, the army and other key stakeholders. This ended with lunch at a locally owned beach enterprise, part of a community-based tourism project.

The workshop was officially closed by the Director of Destinations from the Ministry of Tourism, Jakarta.

For more information, please contact Dr Mark Hampton: M.Hampton@kent.ac.uk

Biographies of workshop leaders

The following academics/practitioners will present on the workshop outcomes at Kent’s GCRF Conference in July 2019.

Dr Mark Hampton (University of Kent)

Dr Mark Hampton is Reader in Tourism Management in Kent Business School and the School of Anthropology and Conservation at the University of Kent. He holds a PhD in Development Studies from the School of International Development, University of East Anglia (UEA). Dr Hampton is internationally recognised for his research on tourism’s socio-economic impacts in developing countries, particularly small-scale and coastal/island tourism in South-East Asia. He has given over 120 conference papers, often as Keynote Speaker; has published over 50 journal articles/book chapters (including Annals of Tourism Research, World Development, Environment and Planning A, Journal of Development Studies, Third World Quarterly) and written/edited four books. He has extensive field experience in South-East Asia, the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and South Atlantic and his research has been funded by the World Bank; Commonwealth Secretariat; Foreign & Commonwealth Office; DFID; Swiss overseas aid; Malaysian Ministry of Tourism; British Academy and the British Council. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS) and Visiting Professor at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Hernowo Muliawan (Stuppa Indonesia)

Mr. Hernowo Muliawan is a senior researcher in Tourism Planning and Development. He completed his bachelor’s degree in Architecture and Planning in 1992 from the Faculty of Engineering at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta in Indonesia. In 2005, he graduated with a MSc in Leisure, Tourism and Environment (LTE) at Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Mr. Muliawan has been a valued member of STUPPA INDONESIA since 1992. This is a Center for Tourism Research and Development based in Yogyakarta that works together with other experts and centres of excellence to carry out projects to do research, planning, and training in tourism in in various areas of the country. He has been working for more than 25 years in multi-disciplinary teams in developing tourism strategies and plans at national, regional and local level supported by government and non-government funding. His main areas of expertise include: tourism destination development, ecotourism development, and community development.

Professor Amran Hamzah (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)

Professor Amran Hamzah is an academic-practitioner who specialises in the interface between tourism and conservation. Amran started the M.Sc. in Tourism Planning programme at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia which celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2018. Besides his academic duties, Amran has been active as a tourism consultant, and has led more that 70 consultancy projects for international agencies such as APEC, the ASEAN Secretariat and UNESCO as well as national agencies, notably the Ministry of Tourism and Culture Malaysia and Tourism Malaysia. Amran was the lead consultant for the National Ecotourism Plan 2016 – 2025 and Business Strategies for Upscaling the Malaysian Homestay Experience 2017 – 2026. Together with the recently completed National Tourism Policy (2018 – 2030), which Amran was also the lead consultant, these studies are widely regarded as the ‘Big Three’ of tourism policy planning in Malaysia. Amran has also been active in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and has held several positions in IUCN’s commissions. In 2016, Amran was elected as an IUCN Councillor for the period 2016 – 2020.

Indah Kartika Sari (Gadjah Mada University)

Indah completed her bachelor’s degree in 2010, and she received an outstanding student award from Tanjungpura University, Indonesia, for her achievement. The Indonesian government awarded her an internationally recognized scholarship to study for her master’s degree at Gadjah Mada University from 2011-2013. She finished her Master’s in 1 year and 8 months, receiving an award from Gadjah Mada University and graduating Cum laude. From 2013 until 2016 Indah worked as a contracted lecturer at Tanjungpura University. In January 2016 she started her doctoral degree at Gadjah Mada University, and she was funded by a LPDP scholarship from the Indonesian government for her excellent academic achievement and strong leadership qualities. Indah is currently in her fifth semester and will do her final examination at the end of this year.